From the beginning of time, people have always attempted to send private and hidden messages using symbols, signals, images, and numbers. Technology has made this process much more complex, but the intent remains similar. With the increased adoption of technology and the proliferation of internet-enabled devices, it has become necessary to defend human rights in the digital age. Governance is going digital, and more businesses and services have become technology enabled. Failure to ensure appropriate security can lead to a high cost in the digital age.
Encryption technology has served as a bastion of the preservation of confidentiality of the information and the preservation of human rights. Encryption has become necessary and important today because it protects confidential data by converting it into ciphertext, a form that is unreadable without the associated encryption key.1 Essentially, the information will be accessible by an unauthorised, i.e. the party without the associated encryption key. Encryption makes it nearly impossible for cybercriminals or other unauthorised parties to steal and misuse the data since only those with an encryption key can decipher the data and reveal the true information. Encryption keeps data out of cybercriminals' reach, maintains privacy, and maintains the confidentiality of such information, just as it secures our homes, restricts access to critical infrastructure, and protects a company’s valuable and tangible y properties. However, well-intentioned, the proposals to restrict this vital type of security could jeopardise the safety it offers.